University of Deusto. Bilbao.
There is a widely recognised need in Europe for more effective interaction between academics and other agents in society, so that university research and teaching becomes more relevant for the pressing societal challenges that we currently face and will face in the future. Amidst an understanding that the (technological, business and social) innovation needed to face these challenges is strongly place-dependent, feeding from interactions in territorially-rooted systems of actors, many studies have sought to understand the drivers and constraints of universities engaging in the innovation ecosystems of the territories where they are based. Indeed, there is a clear demand for universities to play more strategic roles in their regional innovation ecosystems; to become more engaged and responsive in their research and teaching to meet and shape evolving regional needs.