Glossary of acronyms

BACH Bank for the Accounts of Companies Harmonised
CCAA Spanish autonomous communities/td>
CRC Cooperative research centre
CWTS Centre for Science and Technolog
DESI Digital Economy and Society Index
EBIT Earnings Before Interest and Taxes
EICT Electronic, information and communication technologies
ESS European Social Survey
EU European Union
GDP Gross domestic product
GVA Gross value added
ICEX Spanish Institute for Foreign Trade
ICT Information and communications technology
INE National Statistics Institute
JRC Joint Research Centre
LCE Labour cost per employee
NEET Not in education, employment or training
NULC Nominal unit labour cost
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operative and Development
PCT Patent Cooperation Treaty
PPP Purchasing power parity
R&D Research and development
RIS3 Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation
ROA Return on assets
RULC Real unit labour cost
ULC Unit labour cost
WoS Web of Sciences