Finally, last but not least, the foundations
of the framework refer to certain characteristics of the territory that have an impact on
competitiveness, but they come more or less given, and can not be easily modified in the short term
(location of the territory, natural resources, size of the region, institutions ...).
These structural characteristics of the regions are what we use to benchmark each region in order to
find the ones most similar to each other within the European Union: this is what we call the reference
regions. You can learn more about this methodology and access an interactive tool on the site of the project developed by
Orkestra with the support of the European Commission.